The History of the Diponegoro War Complete Background, Chronology and Its Impact
The History of the Diponegoro War The history of the Diponegoro War or Javanese War was also the greatest war ever occurring in the archipelago between the Dutch colonists and the troops headed by Prince Diponegoro. The Dutch call this war as the Java War because it happened in Java, especially Yogyakarta. Meanwhile, in Indonesia we are more familiar with the term Diponegoro War, because Diponegoro is a central figure in this war.
The five-year-old Diponegoro War (1825-1830) killed 15,000 people (8,000 European troops and 7,000 indigenes), while on the Diponegoro side at least 200,000 people were killed. In addition to fighting against the Netherlands, this war is also a war (fellow) brothers between the palace in favor of Diponegoro and the anti-Diponegoro (henchman of the Netherlands).
Background Diponegoro War
In the beginning, this war only came from the internal problems of the palace. In July 1825, Patih Danu reja IV who was a loyal Dutch henchman, had ordered the Sultanate of Yogyakarta officials to make their way. Making the road turned out to penetrate the land owned by Diponegoro, who is also a relative of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta, and his grandmother in Tegalrejo. Even without permission to build the road until displacing the cemetery belonging to the family Diponegoro. This obviously gets stiff resistance from Diponegoro.
To that end, the prince Diponegoro then ordered his employees to pull out all the stakes stuck as a sign of road construction by Patih Danu reja IV. Not only that, Diponegoro also announced a violent protest and demanded that Patih Danu reja IV be dismissed from his post. However, A.H. Smisaerr and pressure the Sultan to keep Patih Danu reja IV. This tense atmosphere triggered the outbreak of the Diponegoro War. Actually, this problem is just the ignition of the many problems that became the background of the Diponegoro war.
History of Diponegoro War
History of Diponegoro War
According to Abdul Qadir Djaelani (1999), the main problem of the Diponegoro War was due to the intervention of the colonists (Dutch and British) in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta, implicitly in imperial policies and regulations favoring the invaders. In fact, the legitimacy of the position of a sultan must be approved by the invaders. This condition is exacerbated by the removal of people who do not cooperate with the Dutch. As a result some of the abandoned princes, including Diponegoro, then rebelled and openly resisted, opposing every policy of the sultanate and the Netherlands.
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Chronology of Diponegoro War
Prince Diponegoro composed a line with the name of the People’s Resistance against the invaders. In this line, the resistance is focused on the movement of the people so that the struggle is widespread and long. This form of resistance was chosen by Diponegoro in order to avoid the Dutch accusation that he only wanted to seize power, even though the allegations were kept on him.
In the struggle, Diponegoro use sniper step. Namely by calling on the people of Mataram to fight together in opposing the Colonies that clearly oppress the people. The call was then disseminated throughout Mataram land, especially in Central Java and received almost the most of the community. Finally, Selarong area is crowded because it is filled by people’s troops. War to oppose the Dutch colonial authorities exploded and burned almost the entire land of Mataram, even to East Java and West Java.
Finally, war is inevitable. The Dutch troops were overwhelmed by the Diponegoro troops for many years. In some battles, Dutch troops always lose. This made the Dutch troops from Madura and other areas arrive to assist troops in Jogjakarta who were attacked. As a result, many Diponegoro troops suffered defeat and died in the battlefield.
End of Diponegoro War
In dealing with the resistance Diponegoro, again the Netherlands using a cunning strategy. Diponegoro was ambushed after previously in the lure of negotiations. In a position not ready for war, Prince Diponegoro and his bodyguards are easily attacked, disarmed and put into a special resident vehicle. This vehicle has been prepared by the Dutch first. With a tight escort, the Dutch troops then took the prince Diponegoro to Ungaran.
End Diponegoro War – Diponegoro will then be brought to Batavia, before that he was brought first to the city of Semarang. Right on May 3, 1830, the prince Diponegoro and his staff